When is an employee considered dismissed?

In J Searle and Moly Mines Limited [2008] AIRCFB 1088., a full bench considered the meaning of termination at the initiative of the employer, and stated:
[22] Before turning to the facts of this case there is another issue which arose in the course of the submissions with which we should deal. That matter concerns the relevance of the principles governing the termination of a contract of employment. It is clear that the statutory test relates to termination of the employment relationship, not termination of the contract of employment. The difference is well illustrated by the following passage from the joint judgment of Brennan CJ and Dawson and Toohey JJ in Byrne and Frew v Australian Airlines Ltd (1995) 185 CLR 410 at 427.:
“It does not appear to have been doubted in this country that a wrongful dismissal terminates the employment relationship notwithstanding that the contract of employment may continue until the employee accepts the repudiation constituted by the wrongful dismissal and puts an end to the contract. That was accepted by both the majority and minority in Automatic Fire Sprinklers Pty Ltd v Watson [(1946) 72 CLR 435 at 471]. As Latham CJ said (at 454):
“An employer terminates the employment of a servant when he dismisses him, though, as I say hereafter, such a dismissal does not put an end to the contract between the parties. An argument that a dismissal because wrongful was a nullity was raised and rejected in both Williamson’s Case [Williamson v The Commonwealth, (1907) 5 CLR 174 at 185] and Lucy’s Case [Lucy v The Commonwealth, (1923) 33 CLR 229 at 237, 238, 249, 252, 253].”
And as Dixon J said [Automatic Fire Sprinklers Pty Lt v Watson at 545]:
“there is nothing in the general law preventing the wrongful dismissal of a servant operating to discharge him from service, notwithstanding that he declines to accept the dismissal as absolving him from further performance but keeps the contract open and remains ready and willing to serve.” ”
[23] In the case of wrongful dismissal, as the passage shows, the employment is terminated by the employer even though the contract continues until the employee accepts the repudiation, thereby bringing the contract to an end. In applying the statutory test it is the termination of the employment relationship which is important.